SPCA encourages cat owners to enrich their pet’s environment for a happier, healthier cat
You might think that your independent, nap-loving cat can amuse themselves day-to-day. But that’s far from the truth! Just like people, cats like to explore, appreciate nice smells, admire views, and observe interesting objects.
Environmental enrichment is when you introduce these smells, sights, tastes and touch into your cat’s environment – and this is something they might not be getting in your home!
Enrichment is so important for your pets because it improves their physical and mental health. It reduces stress and abnormal behaviour such as aggression, vocalization, over-grooming and inappropriate toileting.
With that in mind, here are our top 10 tips to enrich your four-legged friend and help them lead a happier and healthier life.
Tip 1 – Give your cat multiple small meals
Most cat owners feed their cats just twice a day and usually out of a bowl. Feeding them this way doesn’t require any ‘work’ from your cat to get their food, and as a result no mental or physical stimulation for them.
But there is an easy solution – divide your cats meals into several portions! Small amounts of food throughout the day recreates a cat’s natural way of eating, and will reduce possible boredom and frustration.
Tip 2 – Use puzzle feeders to feed your cat
An easy way to make your cat’s meals more interesting is using puzzle feeders! Puzzle feeders hold your cat’s food while they work out how to ‘solve’ the puzzle in different ways to release the food in small amounts.
Working for their food allows your cat to express some of their natural behaviours, and can be used to feed cats overnight, or keep your cat occupied while you are away during the day.
There are many different types of puzzle feeders to choose from. Just make sure your cat knows how each puzzle feeder works first – start with the easy ones before they get the hang of it, you don’t want your cat to become discouraged and give up!
Tip 3 – Create your own puzzle feeders
If you’re feeling creative, you can make a DIY puzzle feeder for your feline friend:
• Hide some cups your cat cannot knock over around the house. Put some dry food inside so your cat has to find the cups and scoop the food out.
• Cut a few holes in a cardboard box, put food inside and hide the box somewhere in the house. Your cat will need to find the box, then move it around until the food comes out, or they scoop it out.
• Put some dry food in an old plastic bottle and cut some small holes in it. Your cat will need to roll the bottle around until the food comes out piece by piece.
• Hide some food in a toilet roll pyramid.
These DYI puzzles will keep your cat busy for hours! As they become an expert forager you can increase the difficulty level or introduce a type of different puzzle. You’re limited only by your imagination!
Tip 4 – Plant a cat grass and herb garden
Lots of people know that cats go crazy for cat nip, but did you know that cat grass and cat mint are also a good way to give your cat taste and smell sensory enrichment?
You could consider planting a cat garden outside, or plant into pots indoors. Your cat will love it!
Just please remember to make sure any plants you have in your home or garden are not poisonous to cats.
Tip 5 – Spend time brushing and stroking your cat
Touch is a very important part of your cat’s enrichment and keeping them mentally and physically healthy. They will enjoy having a variety of different surfaces to touch and explore such as scratching posts, trees outside, and DIY toys such as a cat self-scratcher.
Something as simple as brushing and patting your cat is another way to enrich your cat through touch. If you have a long-haired cat that needs to be groomed, brushing can be a great bonding time and a way to keep their coat healthy and tangle-free.
Tip 6 – Play with your cat
Playing with your cat is not only fun for them, it’s also a way for them to experience visual sensory enrichment.
There are so many different types of toys available for your cat. Many cats enjoy interactive toys such as wand toys, they may also like stuffed mice, balls to chase or feathers.
It might take a few trials to figure out what toys your cats like best, but don’t give up!
Tip 7 – Give your cat the opportunity to enjoy the fresh air, sunshine, or view of outside.
Cats who spend time outside will easily have access to the joys of the outdoor world. But if you live in an apartment, or want to keep your cat safe and contained to your property, there are also many ways you can let them enjoy the fresh air, sunshine, smells and noises from outside.
Ways in which you can do this include:
• Enclosed deck
• Enclosed garden
• A screened window in a sunny spot you leave open for your cat to enjoy.
Allowing your cat to have access to a window that looks outside is another great way to offer visual stimulation. This is popular for both indoor cats and cats who venture outside. You could put a bed near a windowsill, a cat tower near the window or buy a specially designed cat window seat from a pet store.
Tip 8 – Give your cat a vertical space such as a cat tower
Cats naturally want to climb up high and use these high vantage points to survey their environment and to feel safe, so providing cats with a vertical space is very important. Giving your cats raised areas that they can easily access allows them to express their natural climbing and observing behaviours, gives them more opportunity to get away from other animals and people, and provides them with a sense of environmental control.
Vertical space also means your cat can spread themselves out more in a restricted house environment. This is particularly important if you have a multi-cat household – vertical space not only helps cats cope with social stress, but cats use vertical space to separate themselves from each other, reducing hostile interactions. These spaces can take the form of cat trees, scratching post towers, shelving units and wall-mounted shelves. You can encourage your cat to use spaces with treats, toys, and soft beds.
Tip 9 – Provide your cat with scratching opportunities
Scratching posts allow cats to express their normal behaviour of scratching and scent-marking. Cats will use your furniture if you don’t provide them with another suitable outlet, so scratching materials such as posts or cat trees are perfect!
Keep in mind that some cats, especially if they are older, like horizontal surfaces and others like vertical surfaces, which should be 1.5 times the height of your cat. It is most effective if you place this scratching post in a spot where your cat can also hang out with you!
Tip 10 – Provide your cat with hiding places
Make sure your cat has plenty of places to hide and feel safe. The open plan minimalist interiors most people are fond of can be scary for cats – in the wild they are hunters, but can also be hunted, so they feel most secure when they can choose to be hidden. Hiding spaces can be at various heights, but some should be up high as that is when cats feel most secure. They can be as simple as furniture to hide under, boxes, or indoor plants!
Cats are not built to sit around all day, even though they like to sleep a lot! They should be fed small meals little and often, and given the opportunity to express hunting and foraging behaviours. This keeps their minds and bodies active, and means you will have one happy and very thankful cat!